Fountas and pinnel

Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ is a cohesive, multi-text approach to literacy instruction for all students in grades PreK–6. This systemic approach to classroom-based literacy instruction consists of books, classroom library collections, lessons and conferring cards, sets of minilessons, opportunities for varied talk structures, professional tools, and professional learning opportunities for teachers in PreK through grade six.23 thg 9, 2019 ... My district, like so many others, uses Fountas and Pinnell's Benchmark Assessment System (BAS) as the primary measure of student reading ... south east antrim uda Fountas & Pinnell (F&P) Questions for levels A - Z (Third Edition) by. Miss J's Classroom. 4.7. (10) $5.00. PDF. Each level (A - Z) has typed fiction and nonfiction questions based on the Fountas …Fountas & Pinnell reading levels (commonly referred to as "Fountas & Pinnell") are a proprietary system of reading levels developed by Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell and published by Heinemann to support their Levelled Literacy Interventions (LLI) series of student readers and teacher resource products. [1] The Fountas and Pinnell method was established to create a cohesive learning community that works together to sustain literacy success. Students don’t feel they have to keep up with each …Tue, Oct 18, '22 Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ Debuts January-April Professional Learning Journeys Participants in Extending Your Expertise will benefit from mentoring and collaboration with peers in monthly sessions from October 2022 through April 2023. (continue reading) Wed, Oct 12, '22 7 Tips for Better Book Club Discussions carbridge ios 14 no jailbreak Students and parents alike frequently ask me for an appropriate book list on the student's independent book level. Using the DRA and Fountas and Pinnel's book levels, this list was created for all book levels, Kindergarten to Middle School! Print this packet for your own resources or send home with the appropriate levels high-lighted.Fountas and Pinnell continue to influence and inspire educators nationwide and abroad with resources and books such as: - The Fountas & Pinnell Phonics, Spelling, and Word Study Systems (2017, 2019, 2020) - The Reading Minilessons Books, Grades K - 6 (2017, 2019, 2020) - Spanish Reader's Notebooks (2019) - Reader's Notebooks - Sing a Song of ... driving test booking wa Introduction to Fountas amp Pinnell Literacyâ. jayden james big tits. anime wallpaper girl aesthetic. gramfree app telegram media is too big dimarzio tone zone vs jb. hp omen 16 rtx 3060 bakery that accept ebt near me. spss tutorial for beginners bailey pageant moselle 2000 manual. digimon story lost evolution english rom ...The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading …If you're starting to unpack Fountas & Pinnell Classroom ™, here are some practical tips on organizing you r classroom for each instructional context. Interactive Read-Aloud: Interactive read-aloud takes place in the whole-class meeting area of your classroom. It is ideal to have a bright rug or natural barriers, such as bookshelves, to mark ... urban hair sims 4 ccFountas & Pinnell Classroom™ is a cohesive, multi-text approach to literacy instruction for all students in grades PreK–6. This systemic approach to classroom-based literacy instruction consists of books, classroom library collections, lessons and conferring cards, sets of minilessons, opportunities for varied talk structures, professional tools, and professional learning opportunities for teachers in PreK through grade six. Fountas & Pinnel in 2006 has taken the place of most basal reading programs in elementary schools. Meeting the needs of learners in small groups also inspired Fountas & Pinnell to develop the Leveled Literacy Intervention System (LLI) as an intense literacy intervention for struggling readers in grades Kindergarten through second. range rover sport 2016 fountas-and-pinnell-level-chart-appendix 1/1 Downloaded from voice.edu.my on October 28, 2022 by guest Fountas And Pinnell Level Chart Appendix This is likewise one of the factors by obtaining the soft documents of this Fountas And Pinnell Level Chart Appendix by online. You might not require more get older to spend to go to the books ...Designed for teachers, literacy leaders and district administrators — Make fountasandpinnell.com your daily literacy retreat to reflect, recharge, research, and redefine your literacy instruction. Become a member and gain exclusive access to tools, resources, conversations, videos, tips, inspiration, transformative thinking and so much more.Fountas and Pinnell continue to influence and inspire educators nationwide and abroad with resources and books such as: - The Fountas & Pinnell Phonics, Spelling, and Word Study Systems (2017, 2019, 2020) - The Reading Minilessons Books, Grades K - 6 (2017, 2019, 2020) - Spanish Reader's Notebooks (2019) - Reader's Notebooks - Sing a Song of ... Fountasandpinnell.com is tracked by us since November, 2014. Over the time it has been ranked as high as 29 099 in the world, while most of its traffic comes from USA, where it reached as high as 5 033 position.Fountas & Pinnell Leveled Books Website is the only official source for the Fountas & Pinnell level of books. Each book in the database has been leveled by Fountas and Pinnell using their F&P Text Level Gradient ™. This frequently updated, subscription-based, on-line list contains the levels of 81,623 books submitted by over 300 publishers. boost mobile prepaid Fountas and Pinnell: Benchmark Assessment System 1 Paperback – January 1, 2008 by Irene Fountas (Author), Gay Su Pinnell (Author) 4.6 out of 5 stars 12 ratings Comparing Fountas and Pinnell s Reading Levels to Reading. Fountas and Pinnell Benchmark Assessment System GSSD. Fountas and Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Presentation. Fountas amp Pinnell benchmark assessment system 2 Grades 3. FOUNTAS AND PINNELL ASSESSMENTS QUICK START GUIDE Edl. “Get a Horse ‚ • Level T • Fiction Katy ...Fp Blog Fountas And Pinnell images are well optimized though. JavaScript Optimization-27%. Potential reduce by 64.6 kB. Original 235.9 kB; After minification 234.6 kB; After compression 171.3 kB; It’s better to minify JavaScript in order to improve website performance. The diagram shows the current total size of all JavaScript files against ... p365 spectre comp slide Fountas and Pinnell have stated, repeatedly, that a leveling system is simply a tool for a teacher to use to match students with books. But district administrators love the …Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are literacy leaders who have made it their lives’ work to teach children to read and there is a volume of research that proves the efficacy and value of that work. Today, Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ (FPL) is an interconnected set of literacy resources comprised of engaging, explicit, and systematic ...Fountas & Pinnell reading levels are a proprietary system of reading levels developed by Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell and published by Heinemann to ... flat chest bra Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are literacy leaders who have made it their lives’ work to teach children to read and there is a volume of research that proves the efficacy and value of that …The Fountas & Pinnell Literacy Continuum, Expanded Edition: A Tool for Assessment, Planning, and Teaching, PreK-8 by Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell | Jul 27, 2016 4.7 out of 5 stars 267The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts. It is also used to help teachers and parents gauge the ... black college marching band and majorettes and dance Students and parents alike frequently ask me for an appropriate book list on the student's independent book level. Using the DRA and Fountas and Pinnel's book levels, this list was created for all book levels, Kindergarten to Middle School! Print this packet for your own resources or send home with the appropriate levels high-lighted. The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts. It is also used to help teachers and parents gauge the ... cigarette racing team green mountain metal detecting new video. corian sheet price listIrene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are literacy leaders who have made it their lives’ work to teach children to read and there is a volume of research that proves the efficacy and value of that work. Today, Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ (FPL) is an interconnected set of literacy resources comprised of engaging, explicit, and systematic ...–Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell What does guided reading look like? A small group of students who are at a similar point in their reading development are seated across from you at …Fountas and Pinnell does not always accurately assign the instructional level (Burns et al., 2014) When it comes to materials all of the required tools are it the kit but replacement materieals are required eventually, and for areas that do not have financial support this is a diffivult burden (Craft, 2014, p. 30).Comparing Fountas and Pinnell s Reading Levels to Reading. Fountas and Pinnell Benchmark Assessment System GSSD. Fountas and Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Presentation. Fountas amp Pinnell benchmark assessment system 2 Grades 3. FOUNTAS AND PINNELL ASSESSMENTS QUICK START GUIDE Edl. “Get a Horse ‚ • Level T • Fiction Katy ...Fountas & Pinnell BAS is a research-based best-selling, one-on-one comprehensive assessment to determine students' independent and instructional reading levels on the F&P Text Level GradientTM. The 3rd Edition has been adapted for the Australian market and includes updated components, levelled books and online resources. How does it work?2022. 7. 12. · Shared reading connects community support to independence. As one of the five contexts for reading that Fountas and Pinnell recommend as part of a multi-text approach to responsive teaching, shared reading allows readers to successfully step up into more challenging texts together. impala split string into rows The Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ Shared Reading Collection texts are an exquisite collection of original big books, in a variety of genres, with accompanying lesson folders. Six copies of each book are also provided in a small size for children to revisit during independent reading. athletes that died Sep 29, 2022 · Order Form - Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ Use this printable order form of all available Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ resources for your purchasing convenience. Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ (FPC) is a cohesive, multi-text approach to literacy instruction for all students in grades PreK–6. The System is designed to support whole-group ... 13 thg 7, 2022 ... Fountas & Pinnell (F&P) Early Reading Assessment. The F&P Benchmark Assessment System is a comprehensive assessment used to determine ... yw handouts Welcome to Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources! If you need help while using this site, you can click the “Live Chat” button in the corner to chat with us. You may also wish to visit the HELP site for more tips on using this site. how to customize text pls donate green mountain metal detecting new video. corian sheet price listUsing the comprehensive Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Systems to determine students' independent and instructional reading levels > according to the F&P Text Level Gradient™, teachers are able to: Observe and quantify student reading behaviors Engage students in comprehension conversations that go beyond retelling. Fountas and Pinnell: Benchmark Assessment System 1 Paperback – January 1, 2008 by Irene Fountas (Author), Gay Su Pinnell (Author) 4.6 out of 5 stars 12 ratingsAug 28, 2018 · If you're starting to unpack Fountas & Pinnell Classroom ™, here are some practical tips on organizing you r classroom for each instructional context. Interactive Read-Aloud: Interactive read-aloud takes place in the whole-class meeting area of your classroom. It is ideal to have a bright rug or natural barriers, such as bookshelves, to mark ... manatee county warehouse for rent Welcome to Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources! If you need help while using this site, you can click the “Live Chat” button in the corner to chat with us. You may also wish to visit the HELP site for more tips on using this site.Item is on backorder and will ship when available. Your order will ship on or around the release date.Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources ... Loading... what causes small gestational sac Fountas & Pinnell Literacy, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 48281 likes · 1115 talking about this · 11 were here. Fountas & Pinnell author evidence-based... 36 x 48 double hung window The preparation of lawful documents can be expensive and time-ingesting. However, with our preconfigured online templates, things get simpler. Now, using a Fountas And Pinnell Running Records Pdf takes no more than 5 minutes. Our state-specific browser-based blanks and crystal-clear guidelines eradicate human-prone mistakes.Fountas and Pinnell: Benchmark Assessment System 1 Paperback - January 1, 2008 by Irene Fountas (Author), Gay Su Pinnell (Author) 4.6 out of 5 stars 12 ratingsThe Fountas and Pinnell method was established to create a cohesive learning community that works together to sustain literacy success. Students don’t feel they have to keep up with each …Fountas & Pinnell Guided Reading Level I and J Books by San Rafael Staff Downtown - a staff-created list : This list contains Fountas & Pinnell Guided Reading Level I and J books available in San Rafael Public Library's children's collection. fnf gif boyfriend Students and parents alike frequently ask me for an appropriate book list on the student's independent book level. Using the DRA and Fountas and Pinnel's book levels, this list was created for all book levels, Kindergarten to Middle School! Print this packet for your own resources or send home with the appropriate levels high-lighted. The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts.Jun 24, 2020 · Fountas and Pinnell bill themselves as research-based, and as adhering to the principles of good reading instruction, and yet the foundational skills aspect of instruction that is supposedly balanced with the unproven, and untested components of a theory derived from the 1700s, is hardly balanced. 17c mos reclass requirements The Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Systems ( BAS ) provide teachers with precise tools and texts to observe and quantify specific reading behaviors, and then interpret and use that data to plan meaningful, responsive instruction. lululemon assistant manager benefits Fountas and Pinnell have stated, repeatedly, that a leveling system is simply a tool for a teacher to use to match students with books. But district administrators love the assessment because it generates data that seems easy to understand ("a Level H reader is more skilled than a Level E reader") and appears actionable ("Label and level ...Tue, Oct 18, '22 Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ Debuts January-April Professional Learning Journeys Participants in Extending Your Expertise will benefit from mentoring and collaboration with peers in monthly sessions from October 2022 through April 2023. (continue reading) Wed, Oct 12, '22 7 Tips for Better Book Club DiscussionsThe Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts. It is also used to help teachers and parents gauge the ... cinco auto coupons Below you can get an idea about how to edit and complete a Fountas And Pinnell Running Records Pdf easily. Get started now. Push the"Get Form" Button below . Here you would be transferred into a dashboard allowing you to conduct edits on the document. Pick a tool you desire from the toolbar that appears in the dashboard.Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ provides educators with powerful, comprehensive resources for a systematic approach to literacy learning. Search your preferred grade level below and discover how you can ignite learning with thousands of student texts, lessons, and resources within the major instructional contexts. Welcome to Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources! If you need help while using this site, you can click the “Live Chat” button in the corner to chat with us. You may also wish to visit the HELP site for more tips on using this site.–Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell What does guided reading look like? A small group of students who are at a similar point in their reading development are seated across from you at … police department p2cStudents and parents alike frequently ask me for an appropriate book list on the student's independent book level. Using the DRA and Fountas and Pinnel's book levels, this list was created for all book levels, Kindergarten to Middle School! Print this packet for your own resources or send home with the appropriate levels high-lighted. green mountain metal detecting new video. corian sheet price list dual wield unholy dk wotlk Students and parents alike frequently ask me for an appropriate book list on the student's independent book level. Using the DRA and Fountas and Pinnel's book levels, this list was created for all book levels, Kindergarten to Middle School! Print this packet for your own resources or send home with the appropriate levels high-lighted. Welcome to Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources! If you need help while using this site, you can click the “Live Chat” button in the corner to chat with us.9. 5. · Suzanne. The DRA is a very good tool for diagnosing reading difficulties in struggling readers, but it is time consuming, and the higher levels involve a lot of writing. I have used, and sometimes still used the DRA kit, but only for very specific purposes. The Sisters talk about the Fountas and Pinnell BAS kit and its value. 2022. 6. bruggers The preparation of lawful documents can be expensive and time-ingesting. However, with our preconfigured online templates, things get simpler. Now, using a Fountas And Pinnell Running Records Pdf takes no more than 5 minutes. Our state-specific browser-based blanks and crystal-clear guidelines eradicate human-prone mistakes.Introduction to Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™. Educators sitting at tables during a professional development training. Lead your students to a literate, ...Fountas and Pinnell have stated, repeatedly, that a leveling system is simply a tool for a teacher to use to match students with books. But district administrators love the …Jun 24, 2020 · Fountas and Pinnell bill themselves as research-based, and as adhering to the principles of good reading instruction, and yet the foundational skills aspect of instruction that is supposedly balanced with the unproven, and untested components of a theory derived from the 1700s, is hardly balanced. airbnb montauk pet friendly 9. 5. · Suzanne. The DRA is a very good tool for diagnosing reading difficulties in struggling readers, but it is time consuming, and the higher levels involve a lot of writing. I have used, and sometimes still used the DRA kit, but only for very specific purposes. The Sisters talk about the Fountas and Pinnell BAS kit and its value. 2022. 6. Fountas and Pinnell continue to influence and inspire educators nationwide and abroad with resources and books such as: - The Fountas & Pinnell Phonics, Spelling, and Word Study Systems (2017, 2019, 2020) - The Reading Minilessons Books, Grades K - 6 (2017, 2019, 2020) - Spanish Reader's Notebooks (2019) - Reader's Notebooks - Sing a Song of ... Fountas & Pinnell Literacy, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 48281 likes · 1115 talking about this · 11 were here. Fountas & Pinnell author evidence-based... 2jz engine Fountas & Pinnell (F&P) Questions for levels A - Z (Third Edition) by. Miss J's Classroom. 4.7. (10) $5.00. PDF. Each level (A - Z) has typed fiction and nonfiction questions based on the Fountas …Welcome to the Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ Community ... Designed for teachers, literacy leaders and district administrators — Make fountasandpinnell.com your ...2022. 7. 12. · Shared reading connects community support to independence. As one of the five contexts for reading that Fountas and Pinnell recommend as part of a multi-text approach to responsive teaching, shared reading allows readers to successfully step up into more challenging texts together. american olean tile 9. 5. · Suzanne. The DRA is a very good tool for diagnosing reading difficulties in struggling readers, but it is time consuming, and the higher levels involve a lot of writing. I have used, and sometimes still used the DRA kit, but only for very specific purposes. The Sisters talk about the Fountas and Pinnell BAS kit and its value. 2022. 6. fountas-and-pinnell-level-chart-appendix 1/1 Downloaded from voice.edu.my on October 28, 2022 by guest Fountas And Pinnell Level Chart Appendix This is likewise one of the factors by obtaining the soft documents of this Fountas And Pinnell Level Chart Appendix by online. bad winchester ammo Shop Fountas & Pinnell Resources Benchmark Assessment System (BAS) BAS Reading Record App; Sistema de evaluación de la lectura (SEL)TRT Podcast#57: Reaction to Fountas & Pinnell #1 – But you CAN have conversations about the science of reading Fountas and Pinnell tell us they’re staying out of the current debate about teaching reading because it isn’t productive. But there ARE safe, sane places to discuss the current research. Tune in to learn more! Listen to the episode hereFountas & Pinnell Literacy, Portsmouth, New Hampshire. 48281 likes · 1115 talking about this · 11 were here. Fountas & Pinnell author evidence-based...The Fountas and Pinnell Reading Assessment is an individual assessment used to measure fluency and comprehension. Teachers use this assessment to determine ... plus size tops with elastic bottom The Fountas and Pinnell method was established to create a cohesive learning community that works together to sustain literacy success. Students don’t feel they have to keep up with each …Recently, Fountas and Pinnell’s literacy instruction program Leveled Literacy Instruction (LLI) has faced intense scrutiny for its efficacy. However, much of the criticism and … costco bulletproof backpack The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts. Welcome to Fountas & Pinnell Online Resources! If you need help while using this site, you can click the “Live Chat” button in the corner to chat with us. You may also wish to visit the HELP site for more tips on using this site.–Irene C. Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell What does guided reading look like? A small group of students who are at a similar point in their reading development are seated across from you at …Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ Continuum Leveled Book Website The Literacy Quick Guide Prompting Guides Prompting Guide Apps Reader's Notebook Writer's Notebook Phonics and Word Study Select Collections and Genre Sets Sing a Song of Poetry Spanish Resources Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) LLI Reading Record App Online Data Management System (ODMS)The preparation of lawful documents can be expensive and time-ingesting. However, with our preconfigured online templates, things get simpler. Now, using a Fountas And Pinnell Running Records Pdf takes no more than 5 minutes. Our state-specific browser-based blanks and crystal-clear guidelines eradicate human-prone mistakes. custom outrigger canoes Introduction to Fountas amp Pinnell Literacyâ. jayden james big tits. anime wallpaper girl aesthetic. gramfree app telegram media is too big dimarzio tone zone vs jb. hp omen 16 rtx 3060 bakery that accept ebt near me. spss tutorial for beginners bailey pageant moselle 2000 manual. digimon story lost evolution english rom ...green mountain metal detecting new video. corian sheet price list Irene Fountas and Gay Su Pinnell are literacy leaders who have made it their lives’ work to teach children to read and there is a volume of research that proves the efficacy and value of that work. Today, Fountas & Pinnell Literacy™ (FPL) is an interconnected set of literacy resources comprised of engaging, explicit, and systematic ... Below you can get an idea about how to edit and complete a Fountas And Pinnell Running Records Pdf easily. Get started now. Push the“Get Form” Button below . Here you would be transferred into a dashboard allowing you to conduct edits on the document. Pick a tool you desire from the toolbar that appears in the dashboard. good songs for poetry analysis Fountas and Pinnell developed this graphic to illustrate the highly complex thinking proficient readers do as they engage with text. The authors use twelve categories that they call “Systems of Strategic Actions” (SOSA), to describe the problem-solving the brain must do to create meaning during reading.Fountas & Pinnell (F&P) Questions for levels A - Z (Third Edition) by Miss J's Classroom 4.7 (10) $5.00 PDF Each level (A - Z) has typed fiction and nonfiction questions based on the Fountas and Pinnell Assessment. TIP: I printed off each page and laminated them. I then have small groups of children based on their reading levels.The Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ Interactive Read-Aloud Collection is the foundation for literacy instruction, and is organized into 25 text sets that reflect a global perspective with a diversity of characters, settings, and topics. Each text set contains four to six high-quality picture books with engaging illustrations that represent a ... dr pimple popper videos youtube The Fountas and Pinnell reading level is a formal reading level categorization system. It was introduced in 1986 by two language educators, Marilyn Fountas and Linda Pinnell. The reading level system is a tool used by teachers and parents to help developing children understand texts. It is also used to help teachers and parents gauge the ... romex 10 3 Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ (FPC) is a cohesive, multi-text approach to literacy instruction for all students in grades PreK–6. The System is designed to support whole-group, small-group and independent learning opportunities including: interactive read-aloud, reading minilessons, shared reading, phonics/spelling/word study lessons, guided reading, book clubs, and independent reading collections. The Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ Interactive Read-Aloud Collection is the foundation for literacy instruction, and is organized into 25 text sets that reflect a global perspective with a diversity of characters, settings, and topics. Each text set contains four to six high-quality picture books with engaging illustrations that represent a ... petsmart midland Fountas and Pinnell developed this graphic to illustrate the highly complex thinking proficient readers do as they engage with text. The authors use twelve categories that they call “Systems of Strategic Actions” (SOSA), to describe the problem-solving the brain must do to create meaning during reading.The Fountas & Pinnell Benchmark Assessment Systems ( BAS ) provide teachers with precise tools and texts to observe and quantify specific reading behaviors, and then interpret and use that data to plan meaningful, responsive instruction. Apr 04, 2022 · Although both systems are geared towards a similar outcome, the Lexile framework offers a little more depth and flexibility, as well as focus on putting the power in the reader’s hands, while Fountas and Pinnell is heavily focused on professional development of teachers and their impact on students. Fountas & Pinnell Classroom™ is a cohesive, multi-text approach to literacy instruction for all students in grades PreK–6. This systemic approach to classroom-based literacy instruction consists of books, classroom library collections, lessons and conferring cards, sets of minilessons, opportunities for varied talk structures, professional tools, and professional learning opportunities for teachers in PreK through grade six. maximum repeating character in a string in java